North Korea’s role in the East Asian region


North Korea is a state that was created after the loss of the war by the Japanese. The Russians captured the northern region. Army chief Kim II Sung was appointed supreme leader of North Korea and is its founder. The current leader of North Korea is Kim Jong-un. The North Korean state is based on a socialist ideology and firmly believes in its ideology. The type of government is a dictatorship with severe penalties for anyone who speaks against the president. Kim Jong-UN himself retained all the top positions in the state body.

The human rights situation is worse, the sentences vary from forced labor in prison to public execution. Citizens still do not have access to the global internet and must use the state-run internet. The economic situation of the state is also not good as the state is isolated in the international world due to the sanctions.

Read more: North Korea provokes South Korea with missile launch

Historical perspective

North Korea is a state ruled by a person named Kim Jong-UN. Kim Jong came to power in 2011 upon the death of his father. North Korea is a state with the full exercise of dictatorship and the worst human rights situation. It seems that even in the digital world, the citizens of North Korea live in the Stone Age. Since 1910, when the Japanese annexed this area, they have taken control of everything except at the end of World War II.

The peninsula region was divided into two parts, the northern region was captured by the Russians while the southern part was captured by the United States. The northern region army was led by Kim II Sung, the Russians after failing to reunify the Korean peninsula, gave supreme state power to Kim II sung. Kim II Sung is also considered the founder of North Korea.

As North Korea is a state with a dictatorship, the concept of an electoral process does not exist in such a state. Kim Jong UN is not only the state president, he also holds many different positions. Kim Jong UN himself became the president, and along with that he also has many positions like the chairman of the defense committee or the chief of the army. North Korea has strict rules when it comes to religion, there is no public or state religion. The majority of the population is atheist. All media is state run and the state decides what to broadcast.

There is discrimination among citizens, but not like every other state that has discrimination based on wealth or education, in North Korea the discrimination is based on who is most loyal to the president. The other discrimination is based on the military, the military has more priority than any other area of ​​the state. The military comes first. That’s the reason; North Korea has the fourth largest military with 4% of its population recruited into the armed forces.

Read more: North Korean leader promises nuclear revenge

North Korea’s nuclear programs

North Korea has an active and growing ballistic and nuclear weapons program and is also moving towards chemical and biological weapons.

North Korea withdrew from the NPT in 2003, carrying out six new nuclear tests since 2006. Nor has North Korea signed the Chemical Weapons Convention. In 2017, North Korea tested its first international ballistic missile.

During Kim Jong-un’s first face-to-face meeting with the US president, he assured that they would work to complete the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Biological weapons

In 1987, North Korea accepted the Biological Toxin Weapons Convention and became a party to the Geneva Convention in 1988, US intelligence believed that North Korea was capable of producing biological weapons,

Chemical Weapons

North Korea does not sign the Chemical Weapons Convention. The South Korean Defense White Paper considered North Korea to have 2,500 to 5,000 tons of CW agent


North Korea introduced its first ICBMS in 2017, which were Hwasong -14 and 15 and they can easily target any location in the United States Under the leadership of Kim Jong, North Korea has developed a number of new missiles as well as short-range BMs. He also announced that his submarines had launched ballistic missiles and space-launch missiles.

North Korea’s Role in East Asian Security

North Korea’s Juche system, makes the East even smaller countries in order to protect the anarchic system of its state in East Asia. It is filled with many types of distrust that make the situation worse. South Asia views North Korea as a threat since 1950, North Korea had been working on nuclear missiles for defensive measures but this has heightened tensions in East Asia and affected the atmosphere of the region. After 2006, North Korea’s nuclear test affected Russia and China, because China has always played a dual role.

Read more: North Korea warns against nuclear attack on South Korea

On the other hand, North Korea provokes the United States, South Korea and Japan by improving their military technology against North Korea. Sanctions against North Korea did not achieve their destabilizing result, but they only affected international humanitarian law by helping the Korean people.

As North Korea has three types of nuclear weapons which are,

  • International stability
  • Proliferation
  • Nuclear non-proliferation policy

Thus, its production increases its security in the region.

North Korea also poses a real threat to the Korean Peninsula and Japan.

The United States fears that North Korea could also embark on the development of long-range nuclear ballistic missiles that could affect American territory. North Korea not only survived its rogue state status, but also seemed capable of committing misdeeds with impunity. Several South Korean and Japanese citizens were captured by North Korea, and there is evidence that Dutch, French and Italian nationals, as well as four Malaysians, were also kidnapped. So these are threats faced by other countries in the region from North Korea.

In order to maintain a nuclear balance in an anarchic world, the balance of forces must be necessary. The stabilized status quo in East Asia is very delicate and requires appropriate conclusive strategy and cooperation. If the United States does not take reliable strategic action by playing a just and rational role in the North Korean conflict, then the situation will slide out of the picture, into the hands of other regional aggressors.

Jazib Ali is a student at the National Defense University in Islamabad. He is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in strategic studies. His areas of interest include traditional and non-traditional security issues, national security and Pakistan’s threat perception, and international politics. He can be contacted at

The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Global Village Space.


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